Follow the instructions contained in the file "/usr/ports/UPDATING". For the ports not listed in the file "/usr/ports/UPDATING", update can be performed using the following command: The -d option directs portmaster to clean the installation files (in /usr/ports/distfiles).The -w option directs portmaster to save old shared libraries (in /usr/local/lib/compat/pkg/) before "deinstalling" the existing port, enabling those libraries to potentially be restored if there are any incompatibility issues between the new port and the installed libraries.portmaster provides a way to list ports that need updating using the -L option: : Ports listed under this category have dependencies but are not depended upon by other ports.Each installed port will be listed in one of these categories along with whether the port has a revised version available: contains all the last minute notes on all of the ports in the Ports Collection and documents, where applicable, some of the problems you may encounter when updating, and/or additional features or options that may be available. This set of files is used for building and installing applications on Free BSD, and other BSD-based operating systems.This post will describe how to use portmaster, a utility for updating installed ports.
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You can skip the confirmation step by adding the no-confirm option to the command: The -a options tells portmaster to review all installed ports and update them if necessary.
Once again, if portmaster is unclear about the configuration options for a particular port, it will prompt for input, otherwise it will present a list of ports that it will update and ask to confirm before proceeding.
The portmaster utility is a simple yet powerful tool for updating your ports.
If even you need to search through /usr/ports/UPDATING file on Free BSD, it becomes a tedious task on the command line if your grep knowledge is not good.